The Rise Of Historical Criticism
Sprache - Englisch
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Über das eBook
The Rise of Historical Criticism, published in complete form in 1908, is a mature essay by Oscar Wilde, evaluating the history and current state of criticism. The writer goes back in history and tries to remould the art of criticism with allusions to various critics, genres, and periods. Filled with wit and sublimity, the essay is a comprehensive piece of writing that enlightens the ordinary sense through innovative spirit. Historical criticism nowhere occurs as an isolated fact in the civilisation or literature of any people. It is part of that complex working towards freedom which may be described as the revolt against authority. It is merely one facet of that speculative spirit of an innovation, which in the sphere of action produces democracy and revolution, and in that of thought is the parent of philosophy and physical science; and its importance as a factor of progress is based not so much on the results it attains, as on the tone of thought which it represents, and the method by which it works. A gifted poet, playwright and wit, Oscar Wilde (1854 – 1900) was a phenomenon in 19th-century England. He was illustrious for preaching the importance of style in life and art, and of attacking Victorian narrow-mindedness. Wilde is immortalized through his works, and the stories he wrote for children, such as "The Happy Prince" and "The Selfish Giant", are still vibrant in the imagination of the public, especially "The Picture of Dorian Gray", the story of a young handsome man who sells his soul to a picture to have eternal youth and beauty, only to face the hideousness of his own portrait as it ages, which entails his evil nature and degradation.
Über den Autor
Oscar Wilde, born Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde on October 16, 1854, in Dublin, Ireland, was a luminary of the aesthetic movement known for his wit, flamboyant style, and brilliant conversational skills. Apart from his well-celebrated plays, Wilde was an accomplished author who delved into various forms of writing, including essays, fiction, and poetry. His essay 'The Rise of Historical Criticism,' which showcases his intellectual depth, explores the evolution and significance of historical criticism, reflecting his belief in the importance of contextual understanding of art and literature.
Wilde's literary style, characterized by its sharp wit and satirical edge, is best exemplified in his plays, such as 'The Importance of Being Earnest' and 'An Ideal Husband,' where he dissects social pretenses and the superficiality of the upper classes. His only novel, 'The Picture of Dorian Gray,' remains a classic, confronting themes of aestheticism, moral duplicity, and the pursuit of beauty. This work, along with his fairy tales and short stories, contributed richly to English literature and continue to be studied for their language, complex characters, and exploration of Victorian society. Wilde's tragic downfall, following his imprisonment for gross indecency, and his subsequent exile in France, mark a poignant end to his prolific career, but his literary legacy endures as a testament to his genius.
Genre: Sprache - Englisch
Umfang: 112 Seiten
Größe: 309,9 KB
Veröffentlichung: 12. Juni 2022